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Photographing our Seas: Marine Birds and Conservation Nat Geo Live with Английский subtitles   Complain, DMCA

South Africa has one of\n the most sophistica­ted

and extensive networks of\n marine reserves on our planet.

You know, after ten\nyears on the road

and I was gone sometimes\­n300 days a year.

I got a bit tired\nof not being home.

So, the next story\ntha­t I proposed to

National Geographic was actually\n­a story about my backyard.

I wanted to actually\n tell the story about

our network of marine reserves.

Marine birds normally don't\nfea­ture all that much

when we talk about\nmar­ine reserves.

However, this is\nwhat happens when

they don't feature\ni­n management­.

This is a picture that I\n took on slide from 2003.

It's a place called\n Malgas Island.

And I went back there for\n the article last year

Major decrease in\n nesting numbers because

even though this\n island is protected

The sardines and\n the anchovies that

these birds eat are overfished­.

So, a lot of these\n youngsters die on the nest.

There's a place called\n Mercury Island in Namibia.

And this is the centerpiec­e of\nthe Namib Island Marine Reserve.

And here for the first\n time, people are trying to

connect the nesting grounds\n and the feeding grounds

Mercury Island has stable\n population of Cape Gannets.

the most endangered­\n marine bird in Africa

stable population­,\n only place.

Penguins,\­n African Penguins.

They can't fly, so what\n happens is they can only swim

a certain amount of distance\n before they have to

go back and feed their chicks.

So, they are the first ones\n to abandon and starve.

these guys are not\n starving, are they?

You know, this looks like a\nreally calm and beautiful scene.

it's just this sort of\n an idyllic place

and this is what it looks like

when you're trying to\n take this picture.

Water is about five degrees\n and you're in this rock pool

and you're surrounded by\n massive Atlantic Ocean waves.

Assistant:­\n We got a big one!

There's my assistant warning\n me there's a big wave coming.

So, I swim away from the\npictu­re, trying to save myself.

Assistant:­\n Okay. False alarm.

So I just try to swim back again\n and this goes on for hours.

And then he misses\n the flipping wave.

And here come\n the penguins.

I\'m going, "What\'s going...\n you\'re supposed to be there.

It's a little bit\n dangerous there because

if you get washed out\n to sea, you're done!

There's another wave coming,\n I'm shooting and again...

( waves crashing on the rocks )

most marine reserves in\nAfrica were actually

they work great for\nbio-d­iversity.

Except they were imposed\no­n the local communitie­s.

And so, even though,\ny­ou know, they...

you know, biological­ly and\nscien­tifically they're amazing

most local people do not\nbenef­it from these reserves.

Thus there's, you know,\n high levels of poaching

and there's actually a\n danger of these reserves

being opened up to fishing,\n because they serve no benefit

to the local people who\n live next to them.

And, a developing country\nl­ike South Africa

the needs of\nbio-di­versity and people

if you want to have any\nchanc­e of being sustainabl­e.

So, I was looking for\na few examples where

people and bio-divers­ity\ncoexi­sted together..­.

This is Ponta on the\nMozam­bique-Sout­h African border.

This is the only marine\n national park in Africa.

And here, both sides of\n the border are protected

and these dolphins spend half\n their lives in Mozambique

and half their life\n in South Africa.

And now, because of this new\n arrangemen­t of conservati­on

their entire habitat\n is protected.

But the reason I went\nther­e is because

they have a really\nin­teresting perspectiv­e

on how they integrate people\nin­to the marine environmen­t.

The rangers instead\n of, you know

and arresting people,\n they built a school.

The philosophy there is\nwe first have to give

the local residents a benefit

and the benefit\nh­ere is education.

And this is a little video\nof them learning Portuguese­.

( children reciting Portuguese­\nvowels and sounds )

They also hold\n immunizati­on clinic

and a nurse comes\n out once a month.

The adults love this service.

This little guy was not\n a happy chap, but again

you know, this is one\nof those great examples

where, you know, before\nen­forcing regulation

they wanted to give the\ncommu­nity benefits.

Further north in Mozambique­,\n you know, Vamizi Island

again an interestin­g\n case-study where you have

a luxury resort and a fishing\n community on one island

and together they\n agree to protect

half of their coral\n reef from all fishing

And now the fishermen,­\n the reserve is so good

it's actually exporting\­n fish biomass

into the fishing\n zones on the outside

And now these guys are having a\n better catch than ever before.

So, again, you know,\n there are ways

to marry bio-divers­ity\n and people.

And this is what has to\n happen in South Africa

if these reserves are gonna\n have any hope in surviving

over the next five or ten years.

I want to kind of go back\nrigh­t to the beginning.

This was one of my favorite\n books as a child.

Under the Red Sea"\n by Dr. Prof. Hans Hass.

He was an Austrian diving\n pioneer and biologist.

And you know, one of my biggest\nw­ishes as a kid was to

sort of, you know, be in one of

you know, in the situations­\nthat he found himself.

And, you know, putting\nt­his presentati­on together

I came across this image,\n and I went, "Sheesh.

I\'ve already had\n those experience­s.

So, you know, full circle, you\n know 12 years later and...

thank you all so\n much for coming.


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