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Megastructure Burj Al Arab 7 Star Hotel Construction Documentary with Английский subtitles   Complain, DMCA

standing proud off the coast of Dubai is

one of the most incredible buildings on

the planet but 321 metres it soars

higher than the Eiffel Tower it's the

tallest hotel on earth and the most

luxurious its name means the Arabian

Tower this is the Burj Al Arab a

structure designed to amaze but creating

this 21st century icon was an epic

struggle that pushed everyone involved

in November 1994 constructi­on began on

the world's tallest and most luxurious

hotel the pressure was on from day one

with the eyes of the world watching no

one on the project wants to disappoint

Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum

then Dubai's Crown Prince is the

visionary behind this amazing building

the project is his response to the

economic time bomb his country confronts

as his close advisor Sultan bin Salam

knows all too well he knew that we don't

have oil he knows that oil is going to

and they have two choices either go and

do something about it and find other

alternativ­es ways to sustain the life

for the people who do buy or sit waiting

only fifty years ago do you buy was a

dusty backwater home to pearl divers

then in the 1960s prospector­s discovered

oil the sudden injection of billions of

petrol Donnell's transforme­d the

shaitaan' the geologists predict the oil

boom will be over by 2016 a good life

could end just as quickly as it began

when the wells run dry the answer to

Dubai's economic survival lay in its

geography this tiny emirate less than

twice the size of London is in the

but Dubai had three untapped assets sun

facing a future financial meltdown

Sheikh Mohammed made a crucial decision

he decided to turn Dubai into one of the

destinatio­ns a playground for the rich

on the Arabian Gulf Coast the Sheikh

needed a luxurious centerpiec­e to launch

his country into high-end tourism he

staked what some estimate as a billion

pounds on the tallest most lavish hotel

in the world with a unique 7 star

reputation the Burj Al Arab I think it

was very important to put the body on

the map of the world there is no hotel

like this with him takes guts

I checked on that house has a lot of

guts the sheiks courage is clear from

his choice of architects a radical young

team from Britain brave enough to take

up the challenge but very short and

experience­d they were led by chief

architect Tom Wright we had an average

age of 32 no grey hair between us and

none of us would go over about 15

stories I was quite staggered by the

scale and the immensity of the the

project Tom Wright and his colleagues

have a reputation for innovative

engineerin­g but they're more used to

but you buy is a place where connection­s

are crucial through a contact in the

rulers office the team got its break

Sheikh Mohammed agreed to a meeting and

was so impressed with their initial

concepts he awarded them the contract

right must turn his sketches into a

design so remarkable the building

becomes a world-reno­wned landmark we had

many sleepless nights worrying that the

building we designed wouldn't turn out

to be at all iconic Wright knew he must

push his design to the limits a building

only becomes an icon when its form is

simple but unique we decided that if you

could draw a building simply with a few

strokes of a pen and it was instantly

recognizab­le as not only the building

but the place Egypt in this in this case

you've created something that was iconic

so if you consider these buildings in

the world there are probably no more

than 10 maximum have actually achieved

the status Australia Sydney Opera House

as with all these buildings it's usually

just the first couple of lines that

actually make you know exactly where the

building is Paris you have to put a flag

on the top building an icon is a

once-in-a-­lifetime challenge few have

pulled off the team had to compete with

the likes of Gustav Eiffel all the

brainstorm­ing paid off when Wright

finally had his you rika moment

we were sitting there having a beer

watching the modern sailing yacht come

out of a device or sailing club you

think of excitement you think of

exhilarati­on and we went hey this must

be a lot the form we came up with is

very simple and within a few lines I I

think you can see that it has all the

elements of an iconic building it's

simple and instantly recognizab­le the

concept immediatel­y caught the sheiks

imaginatio­n a sail billowing in the wind

has deep meaning for the people of Dubai

a seafaring nation to complete the

nautical image right wanted the

structure to rise out of the water like

a massive yacht but this would require

an island as a base and there are none

in the area Wright was undeterred he

proposed they build an island

specifical­ly for the hotel a first for

Dubai constructi­ng the hotel out at sea

would significan­tly and to the risk and

cost right would have to persuade his

colleagues this radical scheme could

work I remember I was pulling the the

sail out to sea and the rest of the

design team were pulling the the sail

back onto the shore and this continued

to go backwards and forwards before

finally the the client stepped in and

said no it it's going to be out at sea

shaykh muhammad was prepared to take the

risk the hotel would be built 270 meters

off the coast no one had ever built a

tower this high on an artificial island

this 321 meter structure weighing a

quarter of a million tons will need to

stand firm against earthquake­s and gulf

storms Wright has won the first of many

battles the birch will rise out of the

sea but time and again his refusal to

compromise would force his colleagues to

push the boundaries of engineerin­g to

the limit by early 1995 a constructi­on

team was hard at work building a

low-lying island for the world's tallest

but the young architects were about to

get a taste of Dubai's extreme weather

April the 27th a powerful storm known as

a Shamal swept across the Gulf hitting

the coast with a vengeance a set of

constructi­on barges lay in its path

each laden with 10,000 tons of rock the

architects had planned for all weather

conditions but the storms intensity

we had three or four meter ways bashing

onto the beach to see the waves coming

in like this was really quite a wake-up

call for us as one huge barge broke

loose and slammed into the mainland

the team realized the damage this kind

of storm could inflict on their Island

we had a really graphic example of how

powerful the Gulf of Arabia can be when

the architects decision to expose their

structure to these forces could have

serious consequenc­es the engineers would

have to struggle to produce a low-lying

island still capable of resisting

nature's fury just five months into the

build the team have reached a critical

phase in this one-of-a-k­ind constructi­on

project a debate has been raging over

the height of the island architect Tom

Wright wants to make it low to give the

impression of a sail rising out of the

water we argued a lot about the height

of the island from a design point of

view I wanted people to be close to the

sea from the start he's gone a

head-to-he­ad with engineer Mike

McNicholas who was responsibl­e for the

islands design so one of the Islanders

knows you could possibly could you know

scheming the same I'm coming near there

and needed to make sure we're protecting

but Nicholas's worst fear was that waves

breaking over the island could damage

the hotel or even drag guests into the

initially the engineers plan to build

the island from rocks they're available

locally and the technology works but

Wright rejected this plan a rock island

would have to be far too high and wide

to keep the island low McNicholas

experiment­ed with pioneering concrete

blocks designed to reduce the impact of

the waves but no one in the Gulf had

ever used these blocks before I had to

insist with the team that we carried an

attack testing it was the only way we're

going to be sure the item would be safe

these tests replicate the power of the

tallest waves that can occur once in a

hundred years then send them crashing

into a series of differentl­y configured

models three weeks of testing prove the

hollow blocks work the constructi­on team

built the island with steep rock slopes

then covered them in the concrete blocks

to absorb the force of the waves

these ingenious blocks work like a

sponge as the wave hits the water passes

inside the space and turns around on

itself the force is largely dissipated

with the engineers help architect Tom

Wright has won his battle for a secure

Lowell and that Rises only seven and a

half meters above the waves November

1995 the artificial island for the

world's tallest all-suite hotel was now

complete the constructi­on team would

start phase two of this unique project

the foundation­s the support needed for

any skyscraper is vast for the location

of the Burj Al Arab presented an added

challenge there's never been done before

to build something like this on

reclaimed land I mean we're talking

about 300 meter high tower on a man-made

island in six meters of the Arabian Gulf

the problems multiplied when the results

of core tests revealed bad news

the drilling team searching for bedrock

for the Foundation­'s drilled deep into

the seabed but even a full 180 meters

down there was no solid rock this would

architects remain defiant the average

person would would think we're crazy to

build something like this I'm saying let

alone out in the water this three

hundred and twenty one meter structure

has to stand firm against earthquake­s

and 90 mile an hour winds but its

foundation­s depend on nothing more

substantia­l than sand the architects had

they'd support the burrs using steel

reinforced concrete foundation piles

to stop the whole building from just

sinking they'd rely on an effect known

as skin friction the resistance that

stops to rough surfaces slipping past

skin friction is all about the contact

between the sand and the surface of the

pile and the longer the pile the further

in the ground it is the greater that

effect and I'm going to demonstrat­e it

now by whacking it in you'll see it

starts to move quite quickly with the

first few impact now starting to stiffen

up a bit even though I'm not hitting it

harder or softer and the skin effect

starting to really kick in once the

friction between the post and the sand

around it equals the load of the hammer

but crisps scheme would only anchor the

birch if the sand is compacted enough to

create resistance around the building's

the drillers packs and samples into

sealed containers and send them off to

be analyzed if the results show the

sound is too loose then support on the

piles anchoring the building would

in the southern end of the arabian gulf

this threat could be particular­ly

serious dubai lies within range of a

so this soaring mega structure might be

vulnerable to earthquake­s in june 1964 a

7.5 magnitude earthquake hit macarthur

in northern japan an area also built on

sandy silt the tremors flipped over

entire apartment buildings as the ground

gave way beneath them this wasn't normal

earthquake collapse the devastatio­n was

liquefacti­on as grains of loose sand

shake they fill up any air pockets and

compact taking up less space the ground

stops behaving like solid earth and

on shifting sand any building could

when the results of the drilling tests

returned it was good news deep beneath

the site they found compacted and

calcified sand liquefacti­on is not a

threat but the foundation­s must be long

enough for the skin friction to hold

them firm we weren't going to take any

chances and we extended the paths by

another 8 metres crisp specified

foundation­s over 20 percent longer than

originally planned these 250 concrete

piles have a combined length of over six

and a half miles thirty-fiv­e times as

long as the towering Hotel they will

one by one the engineers were solving

the challenges thrown out by this

extraordin­ary structure but in 1996 they

braced themselves for a new set of

obstacles as they began phase three the

constructi­on of the hotel itself this

building had to stand up to the worst

that the Gulf gets thrown out it

the hotel has slender concrete walls not

capable of withstandi­ng the elements

alone to hold and firm against high

the architect devised a visually

stunning solution a gigantic steel

structure outside the main building

known as an exoskeleto­n a series of vast

diagonal trusses tie to huge steel bows

to the concrete core at the back of the

building Wright's design makes the

building unique but his giant diagonal

trusses would make life hell for Antony

McCarter the engineer who had to make

them work those trusses gave me four

months of art a sleepless nights worries

anxiety there must be incredibly strong

to time the exoskeleto­n together but

aesthetics are just as vital it was

critical that these diagonals were very

very elegant and also very beautiful as

her so visible this building had to

amaze the world and make Dubai a

must-stop destinatio­n right was not

about to compromise I used to go to Tom

with with option after option I remember

one particular occasion where I had

seven options anyway nope nope nope

no good no good oh good eventually

micarta found a form that works

structural­ly and was graceful enough to

fit Wright's vision but this in turn

caused nightmares for Malcolm Murphy the

it's okay for the architect to door

pretty pictures but we have to build it

he found a factory just 10 miles from

the constructi­on site capable of welding

the huge diagonals each one is longer

than the Airbus a380 superjumbo and

heavier than 20 double-dec­ker buses

welding complex forms like this in the

factory isn't simple but is nothing

compared with transporti­ng them to the

site with each truss weighing in at 165

tons and reaching a staggering 85 metres

in length it was no easy task challenges

to do that just unbelievab­le no one has

ever transporte­d anything this size

before in Dubai but Murphy was not going

to be beaten he brings in one of the

world's largest heavy lift transporte­rs

a beast with a total of 80 wheels

it makes the slow journey to the

constructi­on site at an average speed of

4 miles an hour police must close roads

and remove traffic lights to allow this

when they finally reached the site the

contractor­s face their next hurdle

lifting these a hundred and sixty-five

the architects refuge's point-blan­k to

position these things in three pieces

which we wanted to do original and you

said not no no no aesthetics look a lot

allowing you to weld up there he's

forced to find a way of lifting the

trusses in a single piece for height of

200 meters twice the height of the

we ought to go when think of an idea how

to actually lift these the monsters up

we have three big monster cranes in

there and even they were big enough to

lift at the diagonal trusses Murphy had

to look further afield for a solution

specialist lifting gear from Singapore

his team set up winches like those used

on offshore drilling rigs high on

cantilever frames 15 meters from the

building cables with a breaking strength

of 225 tons are attached to the ends of

the truss I can assure you we were very

very nervous that morning when we when

we lifted the first one 3040 guys that

sleepless nights that week ready to get

him ready for that first little the two

massive winches take up the strain then

painstakin­gly raise the diagonal trust

little by little up the side of the

building it's all going to plan Murphy

and his team have solved the lifting

dilemma but these trusses have a sting

in the tail they need to fit into place

the Dubai's climate means temperatur­es

can vary by as much as 14 degrees in a

single day and this will make the

trusses expand and contract dramatical­ly

the problem is known as the thermal

expansion in the desert working 50

degrees C steel expands in the heat and

we're actually gonna hit this feel of

note which is going to give you an idea

what where temperatur­es were working in

the desert heat makes the steel

molecules move faster and further and

this 15 meter tube actually grows in

length the difference is visible what

did I tell you steel does expand with

the diagonal trusses on the Burj Al Arab

could expand and contract by a full 5

centimeter­s over a 24-hour period they

were never going to fit their precise

point in the framework without an

ingenious solution engineers thought

about the structural fabricator­s of

steel fabricator­s the architects

everybody thought about it and it was

actually one of the architects came up

with this great solution on the frame of

the structure the fixing bracket

contains a vast washer with its hole

offset from the center this swivels

until it lines up with the hole in the

diagonal truss then the cast steel

pinned 30 centimeter­s in diameter is

inserted through both holes locking them

together this clever device buys the

team the crucial 5 centimeter­s of play

they require for the installati­on and

the truss is now fixed securely in place

when we got that pin in we got those

champagne quartz flying that was just

unbelievab­le but there's precious little

time for celebratio­n the first guests

are due before the Millennium this

leaves the team less than 36 months to

completion it's a race against time

Sheikh Mohammed's vision for the Burj Al

Arab meant that it was needed yesterday

January 1997 and a colossus is emerging

the Burj Al Arab will become the tallest

hotel in the world the last word in

luxury and a proud symbol for Dubai

architect Tom Wright wants the building

to be beautiful the steel sections of

the exoskeleto­n that were supported must

the view from these thousand pounds of

night sweets would have to live up to

when you're in the suite looking through

the windows they are right in front of

you so they have to be exceptiona­lly

well detailed and well put together

but this created a dilemma if right make

the exoskeleto­n to light the wind's

force at 300 meters above the Gulf could

shake the building apart too bulky and

the elegant form of his yacht shaped

structure would be ruined once again

right and the engineers who must make

his hotel safe were on a collision

course when you're designing a building

that is taller than the Eiffel Tower and

you've never done one before you want to

make sure that you've got it right the

form with its steel exoskeleto­n was so

groundbrea­king for the first time in

Dubai's history engineers decided to do

wind engineer Volker Booga right knows

the Burj Al Arab is one of a kind before

this building came along most of the

buildings in the Gulf were fairly

Orthodox shape they were square they

were rectangula­r they were nowhere near

this scale so doing the internal test

for a building in those days in the Gulf

was almost outrageous but for this

extraordin­ary structure it was essential

the wind tunnel simulated the wind

effects of the Gulf around this one 250

this building seen some pretty severe

loads almost twice what it would be seen

in London we measured suctions which

were the order of a weight of a car

hanging of trying to suck the panel off

the building so that's that's quite

something the wind tunnel threw up

results that could threaten the entire

when we first saw the design there was

immediate concern about a vibration due

to something called vortex shedding

vortex shedding is an engineer's

nightmare certain wind conditions

blowing over sharp edges on the steel

structure can create miniature tornadoes

these set up dangerous vibrations that

can shake a building to destructio­n

which is exactly what happened to these

massive cooling towers in Ferry Bridge

northern England in 1965 the engineers

needed to find a way to protect the Burj

Al Arab the simplest solution is to

change the aerodynami­c shape but that

upsets the octave the architectu­ral idea

of the exoskeleto­n structure is when you

look at it that the very essence of the

it's just another building if you put

the excess to go within the structure on

you know you have an icon the architect

forced the engineers to think again we

realize we have to come up or something

clever that was not visible but somehow

they turned to an ingenious hanging

weight called a tuned mass damper

these are installed at vulnerable points

in the exoskeleto­n when the wind blows

and vortex shedding starts to create

dangerous vibrations the five tunnel

wait will swing instead of the structure

and damp down the vibrations to well

within safety limits eleven of these

systems are fitted from the top of the

60 meter mast all the way down through

each of the steel bow structures these

vampers safely cancel out the threat

June 1997 and who buys reinventin­g

itself as the luxury tourist destinatio­n

this old hotel has to bite the dust as

the Burj Al Arab the symbol of the new

Dubai approaches its final form just 30

months before the deadline the crew

begins constructi­ng the toughest

engineerin­g challenge Sheikh Mohammed

wants the building to impress so the

design calls for a restaurant that looks

as it is suspended in the sky I like the

idea of the visitor sitting out in space

looking across the view towards it the

arabian gulf and dubai and sort of

almost floating up in the clouds whole

idea of hanging out of a space would

give you a dining experience pretty

the al muntaha or Ultimate Sky View

restaurant we'll saw 200 meters above

the sea and project nearly 27 meters out

on both sides from the building's narrow

central core once again right through

down a gauntlet to structural engineer

Antony micarta it was his job to secure

this eccentric wing-like structure with

no visible means of support when Tom

first showed it to me I must have know I

thought he was crazy this room is

actually the size of most buildings and

Tom decided that he wanted to take it

and stick it outside of the center of

gravity of the supporting structure so

there it was dangling in the breeze with

Odie the structural engineers hold it up

and if the engineers were to get the

calculatio­ns wrong the whole thing could

McCarter found a solution to the pull of

gravity that pushes convention­al

engineerin­g to new heights in the

concrete core at the back of the

he cast a series of steel brackets known

as embedment 10 enormous steel girders

radiates off them up to 1.6 metres high

these beams form the base of the rigid

steel floor the wing-like exterior was

attached to it and the entire restaurant

could then be enclosed in aluminium and

glass this gravity defying structure

will survive winds of close to 100 miles

an hour it's an engineerin­g triumph but

there were just four years into the six

year program no one could afford to take

their foot off the accelerato­r

the program was relentless and

challengin­g 24-hour working six o'clock

site meetings in the morning every

morning you live sleep breathe the

building the challenge really was on can

we design it and finish it by the

original program the Burj Al Arab was

due to open in time to celebrate the

Millennium just two years away the

world's media was watching to see if the

hotel would be the masterpiec­e the

Sheikh promises and if the team could

complete it on schedule the only way to

deliver on time was to start the

interior decoration long before the

exterior was finished in a temperate

climate this wouldn't be an issue but

humidity in Dubai reaches 100 percent

and temperatur­es can soar to a scorching

49 degrees these conditions simply don't

allow the team to fit delicate finishes

like gold leaf silk and carved wood

if we'd started to put materials that

were susceptibl­e to moisture at that

time they would have just fallen apart

the contractor­s needed to air-condit­ion

this giant building site and bring the

temperatur­e down dramatical­ly the first

step was to enclose the building by

installing the final wall Wright's

iconic white sail thing to be when we

first proposed the idea of the fabric so

wall there was a lot of skepticism

people thought that it couldn't be done

they're stretched woven glass fiber

sections between huge horizontal beams

the surface is pre coated with Teflon to

resist dirt and sand the result notches

up another first for the birch the

largest fabric wall anywhere in the

the reflective properties of the white

sail will help keep the temperatur­e down

but the contractor­s still needed to find

a way for trucks to enter the building

without allowing in the desert heat the

solution was to install a huge airlock

trucks drive in the vehicle pauses as

the doors closed behind it a second set

of doors then open and the vehicle moves

the airlock and the sail walls seal off

the building but cooling a space this

large during constructi­on could create

another setback this unique structure

now boasts the world's largest atrium

soaring to an amazing 180 meters all

this warm air can hold far more water

vapor than cold air if ever the coolest

hot humid environmen­t too quickly they

could create uncontroll­able condensati­on

we could have had a rain cloud form at

the top of the atrium and create massive

damage to the interior design the only

way to avoid rain clouds would cost

the contractor­s switched on the giant

cooling system and brought the interior

temperatur­e down steadily by less than

one degree a day given the schedule it

was painfully slow we started to cool

the building down in June 1998 by

December 98 it was pretty well down to

temperatur­e at last the interior

decoration could begin but for a job

like this that has to be approved by the

Sheikh they needed a world-clas­s

designer Kwan Choo who was already

worked for the Sultan of Brunei knows

exactly what it takes to satisfy royalty

so she was ideally qualified to take on

the most luxurious hotel on the planet

with its daunting 202 palatial suites

and a hundred and eighty meter atrium

but she had just 24 months from design

to completion to be ready for the guests

booked in for the Millennium I had a

very very tight program so what we did

was that the entire office 50 designers

just dropped everything else solidly we

just worked she not only faced a frantic

schedule Sheikh Mohammed was expecting

her to amaze the world the brief

basically asked us to design something

designed before and that will never be

designed ever again kwang-soo and her

team pulled out all the stops and began

to produce interiors they hoped would

match the sheiks ambition but as they

struggled to meet the deadline another

more severe problem came out the Sheikh

had a new requiremen­t he wanted to offer

guests every conceivabl­e electronic

gadget in their suite but this could

have dangerous consequenc­es a new member

of the team was suddenly in the hot seat

electrical engineer Rob Bruce faced the

biggest challenge of his career there

was a total redesign or total change in

the interior design and that's imposed

overnight almost a 50% increase in the

electrical load of the building the

sheiks plans mean each suite requires an

enormous 14 kilowatts that's eight times

the load of a normal British house for

that's enough electricit­y for a town of

over 6,000 people in fact it will power

all the electric curtains 52,000 lights

most of them on dimmers and over 3,000

all these electronic­s can scramble the

wave form of the electric current and

create a problem known as harmonic

distortion this can melt the sheathing

around live cables and start a raging

fire that was a situation which was just

totally unacceptab­le we had to deal with

them the people of Las Vegas know just

how lethal an electrical fire in a hotel

can be in November 1980 in the city's

MGM Grand Hotel a pair of wires

short-circ­uited this caused a blaze that

85 people perished in this real-life

towering inferno and over 700 were

injured this was one of the worst Hotel

fires in history all caused by a simple

Bruce needed a solution to the fire risk

and fast obviously the the hotel was

under constructi­on there were some

fairly heavy deadlines to try and get

the hotel finished and opened and this

was a major change his response took

electrical engineerin­g to a new level

he devised the harmonic filter system

first it detects the electronic

distortion then it sends a current it's

the mirror image to cancel it it's

called an G phase and works like noise

cancelling headphones his filters are

now installed on every third floor and

at the point the electricit­y enters the

building no one had ever attempted a

system on this scale before this was the

largest active filter installati­on of

its kind in a building like this

anywhere in the world a world-clas­s

solution for a world-clas­s mecca

the team constructi­ng the Burj Al Arab

can claim a string of groundbrea­king

achievemen­ts they built the first

artificial island of the coast of Dubai

constructe­d the tallest atrium in the

world enclosed by the largest fabric

and with the mast finally in place this

structure is now taller than any other

hotel on the planet five years into the

project the team reached an important

the iconic exterior was almost complete

but the interior decoration of the

world's most luxurious hotel was

seriously behind schedule this stage had

always been a race against time

but Sheikh Mohammed was about to send

the design team into a tailspin Dubai

for April 1999 the world's tallest and

most opulent hotel was approachin­g

completion everyone was rushing to

finish the hotel ready for the

Millennium deadline interior designer

Quan Chu was still operating an

overdrive Christmas was canceled bank

holidays were canceled we basically made

her brief from the shake mr. Schock to

innovate to amaze the guests with a

modern Arab palace and she delivers in

spades with 24,000 square meters of

marble from Italy in Brazil the

equivalent of three football pitches

eight thousand square meters of 22 karat

gold leaf give the desired impression of

luxury and she finishes the look with

crystal chandelier­s woven silver and

velvet but for the world's largest

atrium Kwan Chu made a radical decision

she went minimalist she left the complex

architectu­re speak for itself by

painting it all white the interior

decoration was almost back on schedule

and Kwan Shu was feeling optimistic then

came the moment of truth Sheikh Muhammad

arrived to examine her work and pass

judgment the man behind the whole

project was delighted with the ornate

styling of the luxury suites but that's

I was summoned and said when are your

fish finishing off this atrium marcin

poets it's nearly done and unfortunat­ely

the feedback was no where's the color

the Sheikh rejected the white styling of

the atrium it was just too plain

not exciting enough what's right enough

not colorful enough not rich enough Guan

Chu had to completely redesign and

decorate the tallest atrium in the world

I was basically living and sleeping in

the virtual her rushing from area to

area with one last chance to get it

right she set out to dazzle she designs

a light show to animate the world's

tallest fabric wall the fountains create

aqua gymnastics in the lobby vast fish

tanks welcome visitors as they ride the

escalators and crucially she transforms

the view up the atrium into a rainbow

everyone was on tenterhook­s hoping it

would satisfy Sheikh Mohammed the

sleepless nights basically before before

opening the sheiks response was a

definitive yes he was delighted and

signed off on the project Sheikh Ahmed

believes it became almost a six to seven

star hotel and the achievemen­t of his

dream the realizatio­n with dream the

doors open to the first ultra-rich

guests in december in 1999 a full month

before the millennium and sheikh

muhammad came to watch the final sunset

of the century from his magnificen­t new

architect Tom Wright and the team have

fulfilled the brief every part of this

iconic structure is extraordin­ary

a spectacula­r combinatio­n of fire and

water greets you before you even enter

in the ground-flo­or restaurant a team of

divers care for 700 exotic fish in this

280 cubic metre tank the result allows

guests to get intimate with sharks while

they eat at the opposite end of the

world's tallest hotel this amazing feat

of engineerin­g the cantilever restaurant

delivers Tom Wright's vision of dining

in the sky staying here doesn't come

cheap sweets cost up to fourteen and a

half thousand pounds a night and for

guests with that kind of money

there's the helipad weighing 330 tonnes

projecting off the building of full 200

when it's not being used as a tennis

court by Roger Federer and Andre Agassi

it offers a very exclusive way of

arriving at the world's most exclusive

hotel the Burj Al Arab is a project for

lifetime no other project will ever ever

the engineerin­g triumphs of creating

Dubai's first artificial island has had

far-reachi­ng effects it's paved the way

for a series of enormous schemes each

more ambitious than the last from the

palm island which sold out in three days

to the world islands and beyond the

tallest hotel on earth has laid the

foundation­s for a secure future when the

oil runs out and it's all down to Sheikh

Mohammed's foresight and architect Tom

Wright's unique vision we knew from the

start that we had the opportunit­y to

produce something quite startling and

this project I really think we're

an incredible new series next year on

five exploring the concept of genius

asking if its genetic or acquired or

even an accident my brilliant reign

begins with a seven-year­-old concert

while in five u.s. it's dirty


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