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Word Order Sentence Structure - English Grammar Lesson (Part 1) with English subtitles  

hello and welcome everyone this is minoo

at anglo-link today's video is about

word order that's the way that native

speakers arrange their words in a

sentence by the end of the video you

will have a good understanding of how to

sequence your words to construct an

English sentence this will help you in

two ways first of all it will improve

your listening comprehension because you

will be able to predict what type of

information is likely to be next in a

sentence it will also improve your own

fluency because by learning the English

word order you will be able to stop

thinking in your own language and

translating word-for-word into English

now I've divided this lesson into two

parts in the first part we're going to

look at sentence structure and in the

second part we're going to look at the

position of adverbs like usually

currently sometimes etc so please

remember to subscribe so we can let you

know when the second part of the lesson

is online when you're ready we can begin

with the first part of this lesson on

word order word order part 1 in this

part we're going to focus on sentence

structure the most common order of the

different elements of a sentence in

English is who what where when how and

why

who what where when how and why a

sentence usually begins with who that's

a subject followed by what a verb for

example John called or the bus retired

notice that the subject can be a person

or a thing now some verbs require an

object the object is also part of the

water element so make sure you keep the

verb and its object together some verbs

take a direct object for example John

ate breakfast the bus hit the tree and

some verbs take an indirect object

that's an object that comes after a

preposition for example John spoke to

Julie or the bus collided with the tree

now once you have your basic structure

with who and what you can add the other

elements in the following order where

when how and why now not every sentence

will have all these four elements there

will be a selection of them in each

sentence let's look at some examples

John called when earlier and why to

cancel his appointment

John ate breakfast

where

on the train when this morning and why

because he was late the bus returned

where to the station why to drop off the

passengers the bus hit the tree how with

great force now if one of these elements

is composed of different parts we

usually go from the smaller unit to the

larger one for example if there are

different elements of when the

conference started at 10:00 a.m. on

Tuesday last week the smaller element of

when time at 10:00 a.m. day on Tuesday

and then week last week if you have

different elements aware once again we

go from the smaller one to the larger

one they live in a flat in a big city in

India a flat the city and then the

country

right there's a specific case I'd like

to mention now you may occasionally hear

a sentence start with an element other

than who this happens when you want to

emphasize that element and remember that

your voice should emphasize it as well

and in written form you should separate

that element from the sentence with a

comma just make sure that there is a

good reason for emphasizing the element

that you're putting at the beginning of

the sentence or you will sound unnatural

let's look at some examples let's start

with putting where at the beginning of a

sentence if we look at one of our

earlier examples for example John ate

breakfast on the train this morning and

put the element of where that is on the

train at the start of this sentence you

will notice that it doesn't sound very

natural on the train John ate breakfast

this morning because there's no reason

to emphasize this element it's unnatural

however if we contrast on the train with

another place for example at the office

then we have a good reason to put this

element at the beginning of the sentence

on the train John was fine

but at the office he felt sick let's

look at an example where we put when at

the beginning of the sentence we had the

sentence earlier John called earlier to

cancel his appointment

let's put the element when that's

earlier at the start earlier John called

to cancel his appointment again as

there is no particular reason to stress

when it sounds unnatural however if we

contrast the two times for example

earlier with now then we have a good

reason to put the time at the start of

our sentence earlier John felt sick but

now is alright let's have a look at

putting the element how at the beginning

of the sentence

our original sentence was the bus hit

the tree with great force put the how at

the beginning with great force the bus

hit the tree and it sounds unnatural but

now let's add another element make it

into a little story and there will be a

reason for putting how at the beginning

for example the bus swerved and with

great force hit the tree and on one

final example putting y at the beginning

of the sentence

we had a sentence the bus returned to

the station to drop off the passengers

let's move the element Y to the

beginning to drop off the passengers the

bus returned to the station once again

it sounds unnatural but now let's

emphasize the reason a bit more for

example to drop off the passengers

safely the pass returned to the station

and it sounds fine

so remember you can start a sentence

with another element than who what but

you have to have a good reason for it

right it's time now to look at some

common mistakes the first common mistake

is separating the who from the verb or

the verb from the object let's look at

an example you here we two years ago

both this car let's color the elements

and use notice immediately that the

element when is in the wrong place

it has separated the who from the wat

you must avoid this so let's put it in

the right place

we bought this car two years ago let's

look at another example some ate slowly

his meal this time an element how has

separated the verb from its object look

at them in colors some ate slowly his

meal ate and his meal of both parts of

the element what and they should stay

together so let's move slowly to where

it belongs

some ate his meal slowly the second

common mistake is mixing the order of

where when how and why let's look at

some examples we drove over the weekend

to the seaside if we bring the colors in

you will see mmediately what's gone

wrong the where and the when or in the

wrong place the correct order is we

drove to the seaside at the weekend

let's look at another example

he goes by train to work

once again the where and the how have

been switched the correct order is he

goes to work by train let's look at a

third example they contact everyone

because it's easier by phone if you look

at the colors you notice that the Y has

come before the how so let's switch them

they contact everyone by phone because

it's easier and one final example she

went to town to post their letters this

morning what's gone wrong is that the Y

once again has come before the when

let's put them in the right order she

went to town this morning to post their

letters well that's all for part 1 of

our video on word order

I hope you've enjoyed it as you know you

can now go to our website angling com to

review this point with further examples

and online exercises and please also

remember to rate comment and subscribe

thank you for watching and I look

forward to seeing you in part two of our

video on world order where we will be

looking at position of adverbs bye now

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