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Wildest Europe Series Episode 4 Forest and Woodlands with English subtitles   Complain

Europe a continent cloaked in thick

green forests

stretching for thousands of kilometres

lining almost every horizon

[Music]

sheltered by these natural Giants

astonishing habitats flourish

enabling life in the forest to thrive

over the seasons the creatures of the

forest was to face times of feast and

famine

in Europe's woodles opportunities are

abundant

but so the dangers

[Music]

forests once carpeted more than 90% of

Europe but around 75,000 years ago

during the last ice age freezing

temperatures soar woodlands all that

disappeared today trees have reclaimed

their hold over the continent and are

still expanding

without human interference this

continent would return to its woodland

origins

but there are many tracts of forest that

still Harbor the same beasts and remain

rooted as they've always done

great oaks and beach envelops Central

Europe

while evergreen forests known as the

tiger flourish just below the Arctic

Circle

for thousands of years the continents

wildlife has evolved in unique ways to

exploit what the woods have to offer

however Finders Keepers doesn't always

play

as the seasons come and go even the

forests greatest carnival relies on

opportunity as much as resourceful as to

survive

[Music]

the Carpathian Mountains are the longest

mountain range in Central Europe

stretching across an area nearly ten

times the size of Wales looming over the

land at more than two and a half

thousand metres these mountains are home

to the largest area of untouched forests

on the continent

these ancient woodlands have lain

undisturbed and unchanged for thousands

of years and a home to over 500

different animal species they're a true

representation of ancient Europe

[Music]

stoking the undergrowth another relic of

the past can be found in the last throes

of winter the soft tread of a stealthy

hunter is virtually undetectable

[Music]

the Eurasian Lynx has few to fear as

Europe's third largest predator this

cats only another is win to itself but

this species is lived here as long as

the trees becoming perfectly adapted for

thousands of years for the forests

harshest season thick fur allows the

Lynx to withstand plummeting

temperatures and their wide padded paws

enable easy movement across the snow

[Music]

whilst in summer Lynx hunt camouflaged

by leafy branches in winter with the

trees bare their fur turns pale and they

stay close to the ground they're the

largest Wildcat in Europe

weighing in at nearly 40 kilos these

cats can bring down animals four times

their size but in winter the lack of

forest cover makes them too obvious to

larger prey luckily this male will eat

anything he can catch

with praise so hard to find he has to

rely on his stances to track down a male

[Music]

his vision is so sharp he can spot a

small rodent from 75 meters away

but that won't help the links this time

voles are burrow beneath deep snow Tufts

of hair his ears help the Lynx pick up

sound vibrations giving him an

incredible sense of hearing and he's

tuned in to the sound ablative field

running beneath the snow

[Music]

links aren't fast runners instead

they're built for an ambush

it creeps stealthily towards his target

to avoid detection

[Music]

his back legs are longer than those at

the front giving him extra power in a

killer leap

[Music]

the lynx knows he's got only one shot

everything rests on accuracy he prepares

a pounce

[Music]

but it's a bull's-eye the cover of the

forest is vital for predator and prey

alike but sometimes the fortunate one is

an unhappy fate for another

larger creatures are also concealed in

these trees the forest house is a title

the European bison is the heaviest land

mammal on the continent these beasts are

over 2 metres tall and weigh almost a

ton left egg hides help protect them

from the bitter cold winters here

complies temperatures down to minus 10

degrees Celsius their impressive ability

to withstand the cold

so these Bisons survive the same ice age

that killed the woolly mammoth

[Music]

but they owe some of us if I'm to the

forest

they're thought to have evolved in the

grasslands like their American cousins

flee to the forest during successive

rueful winters and persecution from

hunter

they're slimmer than their American

counterparts and their necks have

evolved to hold their heads higher

perfect for browsing in the forest

undergrowth instead of snow-covered

plans

when i--when adapted to life in the

woods

and in return for sanctuary the Bison

have given back

as braises the Bison create open spaces

like Meadows in the forests in turn

bringing insects and birds of the warmer

weather which fortunately for many is

just around the corner

you

[Music]

as the earth tilts and the northern

hemisphere begins to face the Sun

across Europe the signs of a seasonal

thought here on the forest pool

[Music]

in Central Europe spring arrives as a

riot of color vibrant flowers burst

through last year's decay leaf litter

carpeting the woods and colors

and sapling seedlings wind their way

skyward the deciduous forests which lost

their leaves in winter embrace the Sun

of new green growth

[Music]

above the canopies of the Carpathian

forest tucked away in a rocky outcrop a

female bear is only just stirring from

the deep sleep brown bears hibernate in

isolated dens overwinter during these

cold months their metabolic rate changes

to conserve energy

this females heart rate slows to a rate

of 15 beats per minute she can survive

up to 100 days without food or water

around 8000 brown bears live here in the

Carpathians 60% of the continents total

population

this female has had company for the last

two months

in the coldest weeks of winter she gave

birth to one cup whilst in a state of

deep sleep he was born blind toothless

and hairless but instinctively knew what

to do and kept close and warmed to his

mother feeding off her milk until spring

arrived

with the warmer weather the curve is

getting his first taste of life outdoors

there's a lot to explore

[Music]

he can't resist tacking the first tree

he sees there's a good climbers but this

Cub needs all the practice he can get

before descending into the forest of his

mother

in Europe's more northerly region

there's a thick woodland that has

provided a refuge for brown bears for

thousands of years

skirting the arctic circle this is the

tiger

a band of forest wrapped around the

earth representing almost 1/3 of the

world's forests cover

almost 80% of the tiger is found in

Europe stretched across five countries

Finland is Europe's most heavily

forested country almost entirely covered

by tiger forest

here large swaying coniferous trees

dominate the skyline

unlike the forests in the lower

latitudes of Europe the needle-like

leaves on these trees are never dropped

all at once so they can soak up as much

daylight as possible

keeping the canopy green all year round

this region has only two main seasons

summer and winter

the waxy exterior of these needles are

an adaptation to the extreme cold of

Arctic winters

the wax protects the leaves from

freezing as well as preventing snow from

weighing the trees down

beneath the branches with less

opportunity for sunlight the undergrowth

offers little protection and the forest

is full of carnivores

this bear has emerged from hibernation

with a ravenous appetite an unfortunate

reindeer hasn't made it through the

extremes of winter and provides a much

sought after meal he doesn't mind

sharing a meal with a visiting Segal but

anything more challenging might cause a

fight which this undernourished bear

can't afford to risk male brown bears

can weigh almost 500 kilos after the

glut of warmer months but over winter

this individual lost over a third of his

body weight during hibernation he needs

to make up for it as quickly as possible

if he wants to survive he'll eat 40

kilos a day gorging for several months

until the Tigers short summer gives way

to the cold weather once more

winter has been hard on everyone in the

forest and there are other carnivores

here you haven't eaten in weeks

gray wolves are the largest members of

the dog family

they're social creatures living in packs

averaging six members

as with most wolf packs these are the

offspring of the alpha male and female

they were in charge of the group

after a morning of lazy play it's time

to get down to the business of finding

food these animals are expert hunters

and this wolf has smelt potential prey

elongated legs with streamlined bodies

make these creatures incredibly fast

runners capable of reaching speeds of

over 50 kilometers per hour this alpha

male could weigh as much as the average

man his canine teeth alone can reach

five centimetres long their formidable

but elegant assassins but it's not

always necessary to find your own food

in the forest

[Music]

the Wolves have sniffed out the

potential meal from three kilometers

away

they're hungry I'm not about to be put

off by another diner the bear must learn

the hard way the Finders Keepers doesn't

apply these woods

but the Wolves need to be careful

the bear weighs six times which is that

a swipe of his powerful pour can break

bones

[Music]

a lone wolf is no match for this beast

but what really makes these wolves

deadly predators is their ability to

work as a team

[Music]

in minutes they have the bear surrounded

[Music]

one wolf distracts the bear from his

kill the others sneak closer the bear

approaches the Challenger

charging with the wolf he attempts to

drive it away but wolves are agile

thieves and the rest move in to claim

the meal as their own this bear knows

he's lost the battle there's no knowing

who would win in a fight to the death

and it's just not worth the risk he's

already lost valuable energy attempting

to defend his meal but he knows this

other pickings to be heard in these

forests for the Wolves this is a lucky

break nothing will be wasted

nutrient-rich organs and muscles are the

first to be beaten this reindeer will be

stripped to the bone there's a strict

hierarchy within the path some must wait

their turn before they're allowed to eat

but everyone will have their fill this

feast will sustain the whole pack for at

least another week

you

[Music]

3000 kilometers south the tiger

in the forested foothills of the

Carpathian Mountains sunlight filters

through the canopy and allows the

undergrowth to flourish here a hidden

world exists on a miniature scale

[Music]

earthworm's had existed in Europe for

over 600 million years

they're living filter systems processing

decomposing plants and leaf litter and

replenishing the soil with which

nutrients as a form of compost

they're vital for the health of the

forest floor

and unfortunately for the earthworm

they're part of a staple diet for

another creature here

like many of the forests residents this

fire salamander has emerged from

hibernation for five months she's been

waiting out the winter inside a large

rotten log these cold-blooded lizard

like amphibians grow up to 25

centimeters long and have earned their

name through a combination of looks and

legend fire salamanders secrete a toxic

poison through their skin indicated by

their bright yellow purchase it's a

defense mechanism against predators

their black and yellow coloration is a

warning to stay away

hopefully this female will never have to

use her powers of defense

[Music]

now that Springs arrived she needs to

replenish depleted energy stores fire

salamanders are carnivores hunting

protein-rich worms insects and slugs

they have good eyesight and can focus on

their prey for the kissters if that

fails they'll rely on an excellent sense

of smell

the forest floor can be rewarding if you

know where to look

when it comes down to the catch she has

an inbuilt lassoo

she waits for the perfect moment a

sticky tongue shoots out faster than the

human eye can be sealing the worms faith

this female is in need of extra protein

she's heavily pregnant

fire salamanders are one of the only

members of their group to give birth to

live young most other amphibians laid

eggs once she's found a good spot to

give birth she releases her young one by

one injured in water

[Music]

fire salamanders can live several

decades during her lifetime this female

could mother nearly a thousand offspring

they're on their own as soon as they're

dropped they'll stay in their underwater

stage for several months feeding on

small aquatic crustaceans and mosquito

larvae unlike fish they have external

gills which appear on their head like a

freely maimed in stagnant water they're

able to move these gills like sieves

filtering extra oxygen as they go but

sometimes it's not enough and a quick

trip to the surface is required

[Music]

eventually they'll absorb pickles and be

able to walk out of the water and into

the forest as fully formed fire

salamanders

[Music]

further north close to the Arctic Circle

the Tigers sunlight lasts nearly the

entire day allowing plants to flourish

in the height of summer the forest

offers plentiful choice for forages

blueberries and cloudberries literally

undergrowth

they're a favorite treat the many

woodland residents

every year the finished florists produce

500 million kilos of wild berries

they contain many vital vitamins and

sugars as well as calcium

almost 50% of this brown bears diet is

made up of a fruit and berries he finds

we need hundreds every day during these

summer months

[Music]

on the edge of a nearby forest clearing

a female bears uncovered another tasty

treasure this fallen log is filled with

protein-rich insects she uses her long

curved claws surprise upon sparkles and

a long sticky Torah to carefully extract

the insect she has three cups to feed

and with winters here arriving so soon

after summer it's important she teaches

them how to find food for themselves

[Music]

around her

the brown bear cubs die in their first

year however some aren't in the mood for

a lesson chasing Ravens is much more fun

[Music]

however this plays doll fun and games

it's an important exploration of the

forest environment they need to learn to

recognize every potential food source

how to access it although the forest is

a good provider luck won't always be on

their side after his defeat by the walls

the male bears fruit foraging has led

him on to the family's pouch his

southern presence changes the atmosphere

[Music]

this female has to be careful male bears

often kill the young cubs of females

bringing them back into season so they

can mate again and continue the male's

bloodline she's smaller than him and

could die trying to defend them it's not

worth the risk

she leads them to the sanctuary of the

trees leaving the male the rest of the

untapped insect spoils

[Music]

[Music]

it's late September and in the

Carpathian forest autumn has

kick-started a month of bloody battles

for one resident

[Music]

in the shadow of the mountains the tree

covered hills are alive with the eerie

call were normally silent creature

[Music]

[Music]

autum marks the beginning of the medbay

lot these mountainous forests home to

the largest red deer in the world some

nearly 2 meters tall and over 400 kilos

[Music]

with the rest of the year

the male's roam around in bachelorhood

joining the females only now with an

unstoppable desire to mate

their calls in a battlecry

[Music]

only the dominant male will earn the

chance to fire next year's Fonz

these clearings of the arena of intense

fights this dear King has a new

challenger

[Music]

sizing each other up they prepare for

potentially mortal combat locking

antlers they push against each other in

a test of strength their antlers are

made of bone and there was Shabbos

Spears they could easily tear into their

opponents flesh only the strongest and

fitted male will win and at a close

fight

one false move could be fatal

but his rival retreats you'll have more

challenges before the end of the season

it will be a drawn-out battle lasting

several weeks while the Red Deer run

dominates the forest clearings the

forest itself has undergone a

transformation

the canopy is awash with which colors

[Music]

during winter has not enough life for

photosynthesis to occur the process

which enables plants to convert light

energy into food

[Music]

so as the day's shorten the forests

begin to prepare food production the

tree slows down causing the chemicals in

the leaves to change turning them

fantastic shades of Browns reds and

yellows before they finally fall to the

ground

[Music]

autumn is also the last chance for trees

to disperse their seeds some like beech

deliver a bounty of nuts to the forest

floor which are highly prized by the

forest smaller residents small mammals

like hazel door mice load as many

calories as they can to prepare for

hibernation these nuts are rich in fats

and carbohydrates

it's a foragers feast some of the

forests best survivalists can be found

in the canopy out of the way of

predators weighing around 350 grams red

squirrels are light enough to reach the

tallest thinnest branches this allows

them to exploit all the food in the

forest they eat everything from bark to

mushrooms

double jointed ankles from long claws

allow them to race up and down branches

and spin around

[Music]

and they can eat six million trees

these animals are three months old and

left their mothers at the Mexica they

have locked a berth wagging the tail

like this is a sign of nervousness with

so many potential predators links being

skittish is common sense the slightest

even partisans the north

in the last warm days these teenagers

can't resist a game of chase these games

are good practice the territorial

battles you can become in a year or so

these playful young squirrels will have

to fight for territories of their own

[Music]

unlike many mammals in the Carpathians

red squirrels don't hibernate instead

they rely on hoarding the bounty offered

by the forest during abundant summer

month cashing everything they can in

numerous hidden stores dotted around the

woods ready to be called upon when food

is scarce the forest benefits from their

hoarding habits to seeds that the

squirrels had buried and forgotten will

become the forests of the future

back in the taiga winter is just around

the corner time has nearly run out for

this brown bear family they've had seven

months of gorging on the forests

offerings

the Cubs have beaten the odds all

survived so far and they're fat and

healthy

[Music]

next year they will face the toughest

months alone

in the next few weeks their mother will

show them how to build it then and

together they will bunker down hoping to

have last winter I said once again takes

grip over the continents forests every

creature in these forests as adapted

would evolve to exploit what the woods

has to offer

animals here are either specialists or

verb learned to embrace variety

in Europe's forests immortal

the challenges of the seasons by the

make or break its residents

but over the year the protection of the

forest remains a constant shielding

animals from the elements

and from enemies and as the forests

expand they reach across Europe the

creatures concealed by the trees will

triumph over the bleakest season once

again

[Music]

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