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Over one thousand years ago
in the Eighth Century,
the most powerful empire
in the world
was the Arab Caliphate,
ruled by the Umayyad Dynasty.
It was the largest empire
the world had ever seen
up to that point,
and in the year 720,
the empire stretched all the way
from the Atlantic Ocean in the west
to India in the east.
It was, without a doubt,
the most powerful empire
in the world, but
gradually, over the centuries,
receeded into history.
That then begs the question:
What if this old empire
was reunited today
in the modern world
with the exact same borders
that it had in the year 720?
Despite how utterly impossible this is,
let's just assume that the Caliphate
suddenly just appeared back into existence
instantly with its exact borders.
Thirty six different modern countries
would lose all or some of
their territory to the Caliphate,
including places as
far away from each other as
Portugal and India.
11.1 million square kilometers
would belong to the empire,
which would make it the second largest
country in the world, behind only Russia.
It would be home to a population of
which would place it as the third
most populous country in the world,
behind both India and China.
Compared to the recreated Roman Empire,
(that I did in another video)
the Caliphate would have a similar
but slightly smaller
Something interesting that I discovered
while doing the research for this video
was that despite the empire
being called the 'Arab Caliphate,'
would only form a plurality
within the country at forty six percent
of the population.
It's easy to see why,
since the empire covers an extremely
diverse amount of land,
with Spaniards and Portuguese over here,
and Pakistanis and Indians over here, in the east.
Arabic would be the official language
spoken by a majority of the population,
but Arabic itself
is quite different from place to place.
Arabic speakers in some parts
of North Africa, for example,
are completely incomprehensible to
many Arabic speakers
from Syria or Iraq for a variety of reasons.
Perhaps every variety of the language would
be considered as 'official,'
but over all,
Arabic would remain the most
language within the borders of
Of course, from the title of this video,
and the area of the world that we're talking about,
you probably were safe to assume that
Islam would be the dominant religion
within this empire.
Islam would be represented by
eighty five percent of
the Caliphate's modern population,
divided between sixty four percent
and twenty one percent
The Caliphate would also have a very
large Christian minority,
represented by nine percent of the population.
Jews would make up
one percent of the population,
Hindus, Zoroastrians, and other faiths
would make up a following
and the final two percent
would be made up of Atheists
or non-religious persons.
the largest city in the Caliphate,
Karachi, would be located in Pakistan,
outside of the main Arab core.
Karachi has almost as many people
living in it than all of Afghanistan
combined, for example.
And the other biggest cities in the Caliphate
would be Cairo,
However, I would expect that Damascus
would likely become
the reunited empire's capital city,
since it was the capital of the Caliphate
back at the year 720
at the empire's territorial height.
And now, we need to move on
to every empire's
The reunited Arab Caliphate
would have a nominal G.D.P of
5.34 trillion U.S. dollars,
which would mean it would be the
third largest economy in the world,
overtaking both Germany and Japan,
but remaining behind China and the United States.
But that's actually a pretty high-valued economy
compared to other empires that I've overed in the past,
like the Soviet Union,
and the United African Continent, for example.
However, the Caliphate's
nominal G.D.P per capita
would be down to
just 8,027 dollars a person,
which means that the average living conditions for
the average citizen
would be roughly the same as it is
for the average citizen in China today.
Of course, since the Caliphate
would absorb entire countries
like Saudi Arabia,
it would instantly become
the world's largest producer of
In fact, nearly thirty percent
of all the Earth's oil
production would be controlled by
the Caliphate, which would give it an enormous
leverage on the world stage.
The other tool
that the empire could use as leverage
would be its massive military,
which would become the largest in the world with
4,214,000 active duty troops.
That's more active duty soldiers than
China and the United States combined,
and in addition, the Caliphate
would find itself in possession
of an additional 4,216,000 troops placed in reserves.
If called upon, the Caliphate
by far, the largest military force in the world.
The only two empires
that I've covered before who'd have larger militaries
would be both the Mongol,
and British empires.
With all things being considered,
the reunited modern Arab Caliphate
would almost certainly be a potential
Governing from its capital of Damascus,
the Caliphate would be the
second largest country in the world,
have the third highest population in the world,
have the third largest global economy,
it would be in possession of the world's
and also control
thirty percent of
the entire world's oil production,
vastly more than
any other individual country.
It would probably be similar in world power projection to
modern day China,
but it could struggle with
the vast ethnic diversities
such a large empire would bring,
its relatively low
living conditions on average,
and the large divide between
Sunni and Shi'a Muslims within the country.
Internal pressures and problems
is what tore the historical Caliphate apart
before it finally succumbed
to the Mongol invasions in 1258.
So it would be interesting to see
how, or if,
the modern version of it could
overcome these similar problems.
Leave your thoughts and comments below
about your theories
on how this modern empire
would handle itself in
our modern world.
How long it may last for, or
anything else that I missed
talking about in this video.
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